U.S. Press Freedom Tracker

Editor killed in Capital Gazette newsroom shooting by man upset with newspaper coverage

Incident Details

Date of Incident
June 28, 2018
Annapolis, Maryland
Case Status
Ongoing, Settled
Type of case


Was the journalist targeted?
Reuters/Joshua Roberts

Anne Arundel county executive Steve Schuh holds a copy of The Capital newspaper as he is interviewed the day after a gunman killed five people and injured several others at the newspaper’s offices in Annapolis, Maryland.

— Reuters/Joshua Roberts
January 3, 2023 - Update

Survivors, families of slain journalists settle lawsuit against Capital Gazette’s parent company

The families of victims and some of the survivors of the deadly shooting inside the Capital Gazette newsroom settled their lawsuit against The Baltimore Sun and Tribune Publishing on Jan. 3, 2023, The Associated Press reported. The Capital was purchased by Baltimore Sun Media, a subsidiary of Tribune Publishing, in 2014.

In 2018, five people — four journalists and a staff member — were murdered in the building by gunman Jarrod Ramos. Ramos was sentenced to six life sentences plus 345 years in prison in 2021.

According to court records reviewed by the U.S. Press Freedom Tracker, two lawsuits were filed on June 24, 2021, before the three-year statute of limitations expired. The suits — one for wrongful death, the other for negligence — both argued that the shooting was preventable.

The negligence lawsuit said that if “reasonable steps” had been taken, the gunman “would have been detected and stopped prior to entering The Capital’s newsroom, and he may never have attempted the assault at all.”

The cases were consolidated in early 2022, according to the AP.

The parties reached a settlement agreement and filed a joint motion for dismissal in early 2023. An attorney for some of the plaintiffs told the AP that the details of the settlement are confidential.

The plaintiffs did not dismiss their claims against St. Johns Properties, which owns the building where the shooting took place.

September 28, 2021 - Update

Gunman who killed Capital Gazette journalists and staffer sentenced to multiple consecutive life sentences

The gunman who killed five people in the Capital Gazette newsroom in 2018 was sentenced to six life sentences, five without the possibility of parole, plus 345 years in prison, all to be served consecutively, on Sept. 28, 2021.

Jarrod Ramos had pleaded guilty but not criminally responsible — Maryland’s version of the insanity plea — to 23 charges, including five counts of first-degree murder for the deaths of Gerald Fischman, Rob Hiaasen, John McNamara, Rebecca Smith and Wendi Winters on June 28, 2018.

A jury rejected that plea in July 2021, after the pandemic caused multiple delays in his trial.

The Capital Gazette reported that Judge Michael Wachs heard from about a dozen survivors and family members during sentencing.

In announcing the sentence, Wachs said the defendant was getting what he deserved. “To say the defendant showed a callous and cruel disregard for the sanctity of human life is simply an understatement,” Wachs said.

July 15, 2021 - Update

Maryland man found criminally responsible for deaths of five in newsroom shooting

The man who killed four journalists and a staffer at the Capital Gazette newsroom in Annapolis, Mayland, in 2018 was found criminally responsible on July 15, 2021, by a jury that rejected arguments that he was not legally sane at the time of the shooting, the outlet reported.

In October 2019, Jarrod Ramos pleaded guilty but not criminally responsible, the state’s version of an insanity plea, on 23 charges, including five counts of first-degree murder for the deaths of Gerald Fischman, Rob Hiaasen, John McNamara, Rebecca Smith and Wendi Winters on June 28, 2018.

Ramos’s trial was delayed repeatedly in 2020 as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, NBC Washington reported.

Prosecutors argued that Ramos deliberately targeted the newsroom — identifying it as a “soft target” — and had planned the attack for years, according to NBC Washington.

“Ladies and gentlemen, this case is about revenge by a person who had a well-planned out scheme,” Anne Colt Leitess, State’s Attorney for Anne Arundel County, said during the trial. “He had contingencies in place if his plan didn’t work.”

The verdict means Ramos, who has already pleaded guilty, will be sentenced to prison, not a maximum security health facility, according to NPR. The outlet reported that prosecutors have asked that he be sentenced to a minimum of five life sentences without the possibility of parole.

October 28, 2019 - Update

The Maryland man accused of massacring five staff members at the Capital Gazette newsroom last year enters guilty plea

A Maryland judge accepted a guilty plea on Oct. 28, 2019, in the murders of four journalists and a staffer at the Capital Gazette newsroom in Annapolis, The Associated Press reported.

Jarrod Ramos had initially pleaded not guilty and not criminally responsible by reason of insanity on 23 charges, including five counts of first-degree murder for the deaths of Gerald Fischman, Rob Hiaasen, John McNamara, Rebecca Smith and Wendi Winters on June 28, 2018.

The Capital Gazette reported that Baltimore Sun Media, which owns the newspaper, said in a statement that officials were “relieved” at the guilty plea.

Jury selection is scheduled to begin on Oct. 30 for hearings in the following weeks to determine whether Ramos will be held criminally responsible.

June 28, 2018

On June 28, 2018, a man armed with a shotgun entered the Capital Gazette newsroom in Annapolis, Maryland, and shot multiple journalists and other media workers, the Baltimore Sun reported. Five people, including four journalists, were killed in the attack, and two others were injured. Police later identified the suspected shooter as Jarrod Ramos, who had previously sued the Capital Gazette for defamation.

Editorial page editor Gerald Fischman, who had worked for the Capital Gazette for more than 25 years, was among those killed. Anne Arundel County police said that the other Capital Gazette employees killed in the attack were:

Two other Capital Gazette employees, whose names were not released, were injured in the attack. Find the U.S. Press Freedom Tracker’s documentation of all the journalists killed in the attack here.

The shooting occurred on June 28 inside the Capital Gazette newsroom, which is located on the ground floor of an office building in Annapolis, Maryland. The newsroom is home to reporters for both The Capital, a daily newspaper covering Annapolis, and The Maryland Gazette, a twice-weekly paper focused on state news. The shooting was the most deadly attack on journalists in the United States since the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, according to the Committee to Protect Journalists.

Phil Davis, a crime reporter for The Capital who was inside the newsroom during the shooting, told the Sun that he saw multiple colleagues shot. He said the scene inside the newsroom “was like a war zone.” In a series of powerful tweets, he described what he witnessed.

Jarrod Ramos, the suspect in the shooting, had threatened and harassed Capital Gazette staffers for years, according to the Sun.

It began in July 2011, when Capital columnist Eric Hartley wrote about how Ramos was charged with harassment after stalking and threatening a high school classmate online. In response to Hartley’s column, Ramos waged a one-man war against him and the paper, according to The Virginian-Pilot, where Hartley now works.

In July 2012, he filed a defamation lawsuit against Hartley, Capital Gazette Communications, and The Capital editor and publisher Tom Marquardt. Ramos represented himself in the suit, which was filed in Prince George’s County, Maryland. At a March 2013 court hearing, a judge dismissed Ramos’ complaint with prejudice and tried to explain to Ramos why the article was not defamatory:

You know, I understand exactly how you feel. I think people who are the subject of newspaper articles, whoever they may be, feel that there is a requirement that they be placed in the best light, or they have an opportunity to have the story reported to their satisfaction, or have the opportunity to have however much input they believe is appropriate.

But that’s simply not true. There is nothing in those complaints that prove that anything that was published about you is, in fact, false. It all came from a public record. It was of the result of a criminal conviction. And it cannot give rise to a defamation suit.

Transcript of March 29, 2013 motion hearing

Ramos appealed the judge’s decision. The Maryland Court of Appeals upheld the lower court's dismissal of the case and ordered Ramos to pay Capital Gazette’s legal fees. In an unpublished opinion, one of the appellate court judges wrote that “a discussion of defamation law would be an exercise in futility, because the appellant [Ramos] fails to come close to alleging a case of defamation,” and sharply criticized Ramos for bringing the lawsuit:

The appellant is pro se. A lawyer would almost certainly have told him not to proceed with this case. It reveals a fundamental failure to understand what defamation law is and, more particularly, what defamation law is not. The appellant is aggrieved because the newspaper story about his guilty plea assumed that he was guilty and that the guilty plea was, therefore, properly accepted. He is aggrieved because the story was sympathetic toward the harassment victim and was not equally understanding of the harassment perpetrator. The appellant wanted equal coverage of his side of the story. He wanted a chance to put the victim in a bad light, in order to justify and explain why he did what he did. That, however, is not the function of defamation law.

The appellant was charged with a criminal act. The appellant perpetrated a criminal act. The appellant plead guilty to having perpetrated a criminal act. The appellant was punished for his criminal act. He is not entitled to equal sympathy with his victim and may not blithely dismiss her as a “bipolar drunkard.” He does not appear to have learned his lesson.

Unpublished appellate opinion

Ramos then tried to appeal to the state’s highest court, the Maryland Court of Appeals, which declined to hear his case.

Ramos also harassed The Capital and its reporters outside of the courtroom.

According to the Sun, a Twitter account in Ramos’ name (which has since been suspended) tweeted threats against The Capital. The account, which has since been suspended, included photographs of Hartley and Marquardt, and alluded to the mass shooting of journalists.

Marquardt, who served as The Capital’s editor and publisher until 2012, told the Sun that he had been concerned about Ramos’ obsessive hatred of the paper and whether it could escalate into violence.

“I was seriously concerned he would threaten us with physical violence,” he told the Sun. “I even told my wife, ‘We have to be concerned. This guy could really hurt us.’ ... I remember telling our attorneys, ‘This is a guy who is going to come in and shoot us.’”

Marquardt told the Los Angeles Times that when he notified the Anne Arundel County police about Ramos’ harassment back in 2013, the police said they could not arrest him for his behavior toward the newspaper. Marquardt said that the paper considered getting a restraining order against Ramos but worried about how Ramos would react.

“The theory back then was, ‘Let’s not infuriate him more than I have to.… The more you agitate this guy, the worse it’s gonna get,’” he told the Los Angeles Times.

William Shirley, an attorney who helped defend Capital Gazette against Ramos’ defamation suit, told the New York Daily News that Ramos threatened during a court hearing to assault Capital journalists.

“I remember at one point he was talking in a motion and somehow worked in how he wanted to smash Hartley’s face into the concrete,” Shirley said. “We were concerned at the time. He was not stable.”

On June 29, the day after the shooting, Ramos was charged with five counts of first-degree murder.

In the aftermath of the attack, Capital Gazette journalists worked with colleagues at the Sun to ensure that the next day’s paper would still be published.

The June 29 edition of The Capital includes a front-page story about the shooting, bylined by 10 Capital reporters, and obituaries for all five of the people killed in the shooting. The opinion page of the paper is empty, except for a single message: “Today, we are speechless ... Tomorrow this page will return to its steady purpose of offering our readers informed opinion about the world around them, that they might be better citizens.”

The U.S. Press Freedom Tracker catalogues press freedom violations in the United States. Email tips to [email protected].